The Current Approach of Hepatitis A Infections


  • Özlem YOLDAŞ
  • Aslı BULUT
  • Mustafa ALTINDİŞ

Viral Hepat J 2012;18(3):81-86

Hepatitis A is the most common form of acute viral hepatitis in the world. Major geographical differences in endemicity of hepatitis A are closely related tohygienic and sanitary conditions and other indicators of the level of socioeconomic development. The hepatitis A virus (HAV) seroprevalence rate is presently decreasing in many parts of the world, but in less developed regions and in several developing countries, HAV infection is still very common in the first years of life and seroprevalence rates approach to 100%. In areas of intermediate endemicity, the delay in the exposure to the virus has generated a huge number of susceptible adolescents and adults significantly increased the average age at infection. As the severity of disease increases with age, this has led to outbreaks of hepatitis A. Several factors contribute to the decline of the infection rate, including rising socioeconomic levels, increased access to clean water and the availability of a hepatitis A vaccine that was developed in the 1990s. For populations with a high proportion of susceptible adults, implementing vaccination programs may be considered. In this report, we review available epidemiological data and implementation of nation strategies in our country.

Keywords: Hepatitis A, seroprevalence, vaccine

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